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Factors affecting academic performance of the students in the classroom


Education is crucial for the development of the country. How the schools have to give the knowledge is a prerequisite, but the other end receiving it should also be strong enough. Many of the times, it is observed that students with the same intelligence and the same school display a significant difference in the result. The performance of the students in the class just not simply depends on their understanding, but is also influenced by many factors. Many of these factors can have positive effects, while others might have negative effects on the students, thus influencing their academic performance. Some factors other than academic affecting the performance of the students are:

1. Socio-economic factors

  • Age - At a young age, children are more enthusiastic about their education and performance. They explore more ideas and their talents. After getting old, either they are highly influenced by their peers or get pressurized due to the burden of studies.
  • Family support - Students need a healthy and supportive atmosphere at home. With the help of family support, even the students with weaker academic performance can show better results. Better results not just on their report card but in their behaviour and interaction too.
  • Residence proximity to school - For many students, the proximity of the school to their home influences their attendance and thus performance at the school.
  • Self-motivation - Education can never be forced upon a child. If they are not motivated or interested in studying, neither a good teacher nor their good intellect can be helpful. Compiling self-motivation with hard work can result in significant improvement in their academic performance.
  • Involvement in class activities - If the students get involved more in the co-curricular and extracurricular activities in the classroom, this will boost their confidence and self-esteem. This proves to be one of the driving forces of good academic results.
  • Self-confidence - Under constant pressure in the classroom and at home, sometimes the students cannot perform to their calibre. They lack confidence in themselves and thus are unable to excel. Self-confidence is the key to mastering their fears and giving their best in the examinations and other activities.
  • Absenteeism - If the students remain absent for a long duration of time from school, this significantly affects their performance. Some concepts when learned from the teachers directly are easily engrossed by the brain.

2. Parental background

  • Educational status - Under many conditions and scenarios, it was observed that educated parents can support their students in academics more than those with lesser qualifications. They can guide their children towards their careers and are open about their interests.
  • Parental income - One of the driving forces to influence the education of the students is the family income. To improve the performance, they need access to multiple resources, and that might not be financially feasible for every parent. Although this factor reduces RTE students, they need other resources during school education.
  • Household size - In a nuclear family, the peaceful atmosphere at home is suitable for the studies of the students while in joint families with large households, many factors can disturb the students.

3. Peer

  • Support - The peers play a crucial role in the performance of the students because of personal involvement. They can have positive or negative influences on each other. Support from peers can encourage the students to excel in exams and other fields.
  • Academic background - With academically excellent and smart peers, the students get motivated to achieve higher goals. Group studies and discussions turn out to be useful to focus on academics.

4. Teacher's effectiveness

  • Knowledge - Teachers are the pillars of education, imparting immense knowledge to the students. Teachers must have expertise in their respective subjects to bring out the best results. The students rely on the teachers for conceptual knowledge. This knowledge should be simply based on the textbooks but real-life scenarios as well.
  • Communication - The more clear, transparent, and easy the communication is between the teachers and the learners, the more the learners are comfortable getting their doubts resolved. The assessments must be followed by the appropriate feedback, and this is possible only with effective communication.
  • Presentation - The teachers must use multiple resources while teaching like presentations, charts, notes, journals. This gives the students a thorough and better insight into the topics and thus improves their academic performance.
  • Emotional stability - If the teachers are emotionally stable, calm, and friendly, the students are comfortable with them. They get inspired by the teacher and give better results.

5. Facilities at school

School should not be a mere place of rooms filled with a board and benches. The school must have suitable facilities for the overall development of the child. The major facility available at the schools must be a well-maintained and equipped library. This acts as a resource for filling the young minds with quality content about various fields. Schools must permit the students to participate in various activities, conferences, seminars, cultural programs, educational visits. Facilities at the schools usually result in higher fees that are affordable for financially sound parents. This is possible only with a pioneering vision by the school authorities. This can significantly improve the character development of the students. Government or trust-funded schools have immense resources to improve the academic performance of the students of every income criteria.


It's not just the children's learning capacity that determines their academic performance. Many external factors influence this and must be changed or improved to bring out the best result. By improving the socio-economic factors, family background, peer and school facilities, a major leap in the academic performance of the students can be observed.

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